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Norgay Tenzing Norgay Tenzing (1914-86) is a Tibetan mountaineer who in 1953 became, together with Edmund (later Sir Edmund) Hillary from New Zealand, the first people to walk on Mount Everest, the highest in this world. . ..
Where Is Mt Everest The Highest Mountain In The World
Barry C. Bishop Chairman, Committee on Science and Research, National Geographic Society, Washington, DC, 1989–91. Member of the American Everest Expedition, 1963. Author of Karnali In Crisis.
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The Sherpa guide has scaled Mount Everest for the 26th time, equaling the record set by another Nepali guide for the highest ascent of the world’s highest mountain.
There is disagreement about the height of Mount Everest because of the change in the snow level, the uncertainty of gravity, and the effect of light, etc. However, in 2020 China and Nepal jointly announced the height of Mount Everest as 29,031.69 feet (8,848.86 meters), which is widely accepted.
Mount Everest is at the top of the Great Himalayas in South Asia. It is located on the border between Nepal and China’s Tibet Autonomous Region.
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The first woman to climb Everest was the Japanese climber Tabei Junko, who reached the summit of the South Col in 1975. She climbed with the first female expedition to Everest (although male Sherpas supported increase).
Mount Everest has long been revered by the local population. The most common Tibetan name, Chomolungma, means “God of Mother Earth” or “God of the Valley”. The Sanskrit name Sagarmatha means “Peak of Heaven”. Mount Everest was also formerly known as Peak XV; He was renamed Sir George Everest in 1865.
Mount Everest, Sanskrit and Nepali Sagarmatha, Tibetan Chomolungma, Chinese (Pinyin) Zhumulangma Feng or (Wade-Giles Romanization) Chu-mu-lang-ma Feng, also spelled Qomolangma Feng, the mountain at the top of the Great Himalayas to South Asia. on the border of Nepal and China’s Tibet Autonomous Region, at 27°59′ N 86°56′ BT. Reaching a height of 29,032 feet (8,849 meters), Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
Like other peaks in the region, Mount Everest has long been revered by the local population. The most common Tibetan name, Chomolungma, means “God of Mother Earth” or “God of the Valley”. The Sanskrit name Sagarmatha means “Peak of Heaven”. However, its identity as the highest point on the earth’s surface was not confirmed until 1852, when the Indian government’s research proved the truth. In 1865 the mountain – previously known as Peak XV – was renamed for Sir George Everest, Surveyor-General of British India from 1830 to 1843.
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The Himalayan region has been pushed by tectonic action as the India-Australia plate has moved north from the south and has been removed (removed) under the Eurasian plate after the collision collided between the two plates between 40 and 50 million years ago. The Himalayas themselves began to rise about 25 to 30 million years ago, and the Great Himalayas began to take their current form during the Pleistocene (about 2,600,000 to 11,700 years ago). Everest and its surrounding mountains are part of a large mountain range that forms the main point, or hub, of the Himalayan tectonic activity. Data from international instruments placed on Everest since the early 1990s show that the mountain continues to move inches toward the northeast, increasing by a fraction of an inch each year.
Everest consists of several layers of rock folded back on itself (nappe). The rock at the base of the mountain consists of metamorphic slate and gneiss, topped by igneous granite. At the top are sedimentary rocks of marine origin (remains of the old floor of the Tethys Sea which was closed after the collision of two plates). The most famous is the Yellow Band, a limestone formation that can be clearly seen below the summit of the pyramid.
The barren southeast, north, and west ridges end at the summit of Everest; not far from here is the South Summit, a small hill on the South Ridge with an elevation of 28,700 feet (8,748 meters). The mountain can be seen directly from the northeast, where it rises about 3,600 meters above the Tibetan Plateau. Changtse Peak (24,803 feet [7,560 meters]) rises to the north. Khumbutse (6,665 meters), Nuptse (7,861 meters) and Lhotse (8,516 meters) surround Everest’s base to the west and south.
Everest is shaped like a triangular pyramid. The three flat planes that make up the sides are called faces, and the line connecting the two faces is called the back. The northern face rises above Tibet and is bordered by the North Ridge (which follows the Northeast Ridge) and the West Ridge; The main features of this mountain include the Great Couloir and Hornbein (seep gully) and the North Col at the beginning of the North Ridge. The Southeast Ridge rises above Nepal and is bordered by the West Ridge and the East Ridge; The main features in this section include the South Col (the beginning of the South Col) and the Khumbu Falls, the latter of which is a combination of large glaciers that have long been difficult for climbers. The eastern face – or Kangshung (Kangxung) Face – also rises above Tibet and is bounded by the Eastern Ridge and the Northeast Ridge.
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Everest itself is covered in rock-hard snow overlaid by a layer of softer snow that fluctuates every year from approx. 5-20 feet (1.5-6 meters); The highest snow level in September, after the monsoon, and the lowest in May after being depleted by the northwesterly storm. The summits and upper slopes are so high in the world’s atmosphere that the oxygen that can be inhaled has a third of the ocean. The lack of oxygen, cold and very cold prevents the growth of plants or animals there.
Glaciers cover the slopes of Everest to its base. One of the glaciers flanking the mountain is the Kangshung Glacier in the east; East, Central and West Rongbuk (Rongpu) glaciers in the north and west; Pumori Glacier in the northwest; and the Khumbu Glacier to the west and south, which is fed by the West Cwm Glacier, the glaciated valley of Everest and the Lhotse-Nuptse Range to the south. Glacial action has been the main force behind the strength and regularity of Everest and other high Himalayan peaks.
Mountain streams flow west, north, and east. The Khumbu Glacier flows into Nepal’s Lobujya (Lobuche), which flows south along the Imja River to its confluence with the Dudh Kosi River. In Tibet, the Rong River originates from the Pumori and Rongbuk Glaciers and the Kama River from the Kangshung Glacier: both flow into the Arun River, which passes through the Himalayas to Nepal. The Rong, Dudh Kosi and Kama valleys form the north, south and east to the extreme.
Everest’s climate has always been hostile to living things. The hottest daytime temperature (July) is only −2 °F (−19 °C) at the summit; In January, the coldest month, the average temperature is -33°F (-36°C) and can drop as low as -76°F (−60°C). Storms can come quickly, and temperatures can drop dramatically. Everest is so high that it reaches the lowest point of the jet stream, and it can be hit by winds of more than 100 miles per hour. Rain falls as snow during the summer monsoon (late May to mid-September). The risk of frostbite for climbers on Everest is very high. After 51 days, seven people from the first all-black expedition to climb Everest reached the summit. Now they want to inspire others.
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The highest in the world is very respected around the world, maybe because of the hardships to reach it.
In 2019, Nirmal ‘Nims’ Purja gained national attention by climbing the 14 highest mountains in the world in a period of approximately six months. All of these mountains are so high that the oxygen at the top cannot support human life, according to National Geographic.
But not everyone agrees which mountain is the highest. This is why some people don’t think that Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
Located in the Himalayas between Nepal and Tibet, Mount Everest is the highest mountain to reach the sea level, according to History.com. Although most people consider Mount Everest to be the highest mountain in the world, competing definitions of “highest” exist.
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