Which Is The Second Highest Mountain Peak In The World

Which Is The Second Highest Mountain Peak In The World – 35°52′57″N 76°30′48″E / 35.88250°N 76.51333°E / 35.88250; 76.51333 Coordinates: 35°52′57″N 76°30′48″E / 35.88250°N 76.51333°E / 35.88250; 76.51333

K2, at 8,611 meters (28,251 ft) above sea level, is the second highest mountain in the world after Mount Everest at 8,849 meters (29,032 ft).

Which Is The Second Highest Mountain Peak In The World

It is located in the Karakoram Mountains, part of the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan-administered Kashmir and part of the Chinese-controlled Trans-Karakoram Tract, which is part of the Takskorgan Tajik Autonomous District in Xinjiang.

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“This wild mountain is about to kill you,” George Bell, an American climbing expedition in 1953, told reporters.

Of the five highest mountains in the world, K2 is the deadliest; Almost one in four people who climb Mount Everest die on the mountain.

Also, the famous Italian Reinhold Meissner called his book K2, and that’s how the “mountain” was called.

The first ascent was in 1954 by Italian climbers Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni in an Italian climbing expedition led by Ardito Dezio. In January 2021, K2 became the last 8000m climbed in winter; A team of Nepali climbers led by Nirmal Purja and Sherpa Mingma Gyalye achieved the feat.

Mountain Peak Second Highest Mountain World Trek Pakistan Asia Stock Photo By ©marabelo 284687518

K2 is the only 8,000 m (26,000+ ft) peak that has never been climbed from the east.

Asctas are always held in July and August, which are usually the best months of the year; K2’s northern location makes it more susceptible to bad weather and cold weather.

Now almost all its stones have been lifted. Although the peak of Everest is higher, the ascent of K2 is more difficult and dangerous, partly because of the unfavorable weather conditions.

The name K2 comes from the designation of the Great Trigonometrical Survey used by British India. Thomas Montgomery made the first survey of the Karakoram from Mount Haramukh, about 210 kilometers (130 mi) to the south, and named the two most prominent peaks K1 and K2, where K stands for Karakoram.

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K1 is also known as Masherbram village. However, K2 does not seem to have received a local name, perhaps due to its remoteness. The mountain is not visible from Askol, the highest point on the mountain road, or from the area closest to the north. K2 is the only visible Baltoro Glacier, behind which few locals will venture.

But there is little evidence that it is commonly used. Perhaps this is the name of the confusion suggested by Western researchers

However, it is the foundation of the name Kohir (simplified Chinese: 乔戈里峰; traditional Chinese: 喬戈里峰; pinyin: Qiáogēlǐ Fēng), which the Chinese authorities refer to as the peak. Other regional names have been suggested but not used, including Lamba Pahar (“high hill” in Urdu) and Dapsang.

Since the mountain does not have a local name, the name Mount Godwin-Aust was proposed in honor of Gre Godwin-Aust, an early explorer of the area. When the Royal Geographical Society rejected the name.

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Explorer Mark K2 is a popular name for mountains. Now it is also used as Kechu or Ketu in Baltic languages

(Balti: ke chu Urdu: ke tu). The Italian mountaineer Fosco Maraini said in his account of the ascent of Gasherbrum IV that, while the origin of K2’s name is coincidental, its truncated, irregular shape is well suited to a remote and rugged mountain. He concluded that:

… the bare bones of the name, all rocks, ice, storms and abysses. He doesn’t try to call people. These are atoms and stars. There is the nakedness of the earth before the first man – or the planet of fire after the last. [26]

K2 is located in the northwest of the Karakoram range. It is located in the Baltistan region of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan, and Takskorgan Tajik Autonomous Region, Xinjiang, China.

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The Tarim Sedimentary Basin borders the Himalayas to the north and the Lesser Himalayas to the south. Meltwater from glaciers like the south and east of K2 feeds agriculture in the valley and contributes greatly to the region’s clean water.

K2 ranks 22nd in terms of the highest mountain, an independent measure of mountains. It is part of the same extended climbing region (including the Karakoram, the Tibetan Plateau, and the Himalayas) as Everest, and the K2 route to Mount Everest, which is less than 4,594 meters (15,072 ft), in Nepal. Kora Lama. – Many other figures in the territory of Mustang, less than China K2, are more independent in this study. However, it is the highest peak of the Karakoram range.

K2 is distinguished by its geographical features, as well as its overall height. It rises more than 3,000 meters (9,840 ft) above the glacial valley floor at its base. It is a vertical pyramid that falls rapidly in almost all directions. The steepest part of the mountain: there it rises only for a vertical gap of 3,000 meters (9,800 ft) above the 3,200 m (10,500 ft) K2 (Kohir) glacier. In many ways it reaches less than 4,000 meters (13,000 ft) to more than 2,800 meters (9,200 ft) of vertical relief.

A 1986 expedition led by George Wallerstein made an incorrect measurement and K2 was taller than Everest and thus the highest mountain in the world.

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The exact measurements were made in 1987, and by then the claim that K2 was the tallest mountain in the world had made its way into many news articles and reference books.

The height of K2, as shown on maps and encyclopedias, is 8,611 meters (28,251 ft). In the summer of 2014, a Pakistani-Italian expedition to K2 was organized under the name “K2 60 years later” to honor the 60th anniversary of the first ascent of K2. One of the goals of the expedition was to accurately measure the mountain using satellite navigation. During this trip, the height of K2 was measured at 8,609.02 meters (28,244.8 ft).

K2 and Broad Peak, as well as the western part of the lower reaches of the Sarpo Lago Glacier, are metamorphic rocks known as K2 Gneiss and are part of the Karakoram Metamorphic Complex.

K2 gneisses consist of a mixture of biotite-rich orthogneiss and paragneiss. To the south and southeast of K2, orthogneisses consist of a mixture of strong plagioclase-hornblende gneisses and biotite hornblende-potassium orthogneisses intruded by garnet-mica leucogranite dikes. In some places, the paragneisses contain psammites bearing clinopyroxic-hornblende, garnet (grossular)-diopside marbles, and biotite-graphite phyllites. Near the monument to the climbers who died on K2, above the base camp of the South Spur, the pure and impure rocks are combined into orthogneisses of quartzites and mica schists, known as the Gilkey Puchoz Formation. West of Broad Peak and south of the spur of K2, lamprophyre dikes containing clinopyrox and biotite-porphyry vogesites and minet intrude the K2 gneiss. The K2 gneisses zone is separated from the surrounding sedimentary and metasedimentary rocks of the Karakoram Metamorphic Complex by normal faults. For example, a fault separates the K2 gneiss on the eastern side of K2 from the limestones and shales that occur near Skyang Kangri.

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40Ar/39Ar from K2 gneiss 115 to 120 million years ago, and geochemical analysis shows that it was metamorphosed before the collision of the old Cretaceous granite. The granitic precursor (protolith) of K2 gneiss arose due to the formation of a large body of magma by the subduction zone, which at that time went down to the north on the continental margin of Asia, and their inclusion as batholiths. Under the continental crust. . During the initial convergence of the Asian and Indian plates, this granitic batholith was buried to a depth of about 20 km (12 mi) or more, highly metamorphosed, highly deformed, and partly collapsed during time. Eos. Leucogranite dikes intruded the K2 gneiss and were later exhumed and uplifted on important thrust faults during the late Miocene. The K2 Gneiss tire was exposed as the K2-Broad Peak-Gasherbrum tire experienced rapid ascent so much erosion could not continue.

In 1856, a British team explored this mountain for the first time. Member Thomas Montgomery designated the mountain “K2” as the second peak of the Karakoram range. The other peaks were previously named K1, K3, K4, and K5, but were later named Masherbrum, Hasherbrum IV, Hasherbrum II, and Hasherbrum I, respectively.

The first serious attempt to climb K2 was made in 1902 by Oscar Eckstein, Aleister Crowley, Jules Jacco-Guillarmode, Henrique Pfan, Victor Wesley and Guy Knowles from the Northeast Ridge. In the early 1900s, modern transportation did not exist in the area: “It took four days to reach the bottom of the mountain.”

– However, due to the difficulty of the challenge and the lack of modern equipment or poor clothing, Crowley said that “neither man nor anyone.

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